Abyaneh (Persian ابیانه) is a beautiful historic Iranian village at the foot of Karkass mountain 70 km to the southeast of Kashan and 40 km to Natanz (near the city of Kashan) in Isfahan Province.
This is a village of living traditions,architectural styles (all in red clay), With a unique reddish hue, with narrow and sloped lanes, and houses located on the slope as if placed on a stairway.
The language spoken by the literate people of Abyaneh is Parthian Pahlavi. They are deeply committed to honoring their traditions. No matter how well-educated a person from Abyaneh might be, he or she puts on the traditional Abyaneh costume on coming back to the village from anywhere in Iran.
Abyaneh is one of the oldest city in Iran, attracting numerous native and foreign tourists year-round, especially during traditional feasts and ceremonies.
Abyaneh has been called an entrance to Iranian history. The local clothing, for example, is in a style of great antiquity. An Abyunaki woman typically wears a white long scarf (covering the shoulders and upper trunk) which has a colourful pattern and an under-knee skirt. Even the most immediate villages’ women have different dress style so that one could tell if she is from Abyaneh or not.
Abyaneh also resisted conversion to Islam throughout the ages, and stayed Zoroastrian until it was forced to convert to Shi’ite Islam in the time of the Saffavid Shahs, as were many other villages and towns that had held onto the Zoroastrian religion until then.
On top of the village sits the ruins of a Sassanid era fort.